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> Entries found : 63 items
  Items 49 - 56  

49-  name : K'inich Janaab Pakal II
text :
Maya ruler of Palenque; also known as Upakal K'inich. Reigned >742>. Brother: K'inich Ahkal Mo' Nahb III? Monuments: Bodega No. 1144. Bygone visitors to Palenque's Temple 19 were once greeted in the doorway by a towering stone sculpture of Palenque ruler K'inich Ahkal Mo' ...
...Palace (ibid.:174). In 742 Upakal K'inich oversaw the accession of a subsidiary lord (ibid.:174). It was during the reign of Upakal K'inich that Lady Chak Nik Ye' Xook of Palenque traveled to distant Copan for a marriage that produced that site's sixteenth ruler, Yax Pasaj Chan Yopaat (Martin and Grube 2000:174, 2008:209). The foregoing is based on Chronicle of the Maya Kings ...
...K'inich taking K'inich Janaab Pakal as his regnal name. For the Temple 19 stucco pier see David Stuart's "Ritual and History in the Stucco Inscription from Temple XIX at Palenque" (Stuart 2000a) online at Mesoweb/PARI. For the Temple 21 find, see Mesoweb's report. Also at Mesoweb, see A New Palenque Ruler. Based on the ...
...Martin 2004:232] arrived at the same conclusion based on the logic outlined above.) In this context, it is worth pointing out that the baah ch'ok title was adopted by the future Palenque ruler K'inich K'an Joy Chitam II on the occasion of his older brother's accession. And although it is not conclusive evidence, it might be added that Maya kings often took the name of their grandfather ...
...And although it is not conclusive evidence, it might be added that Maya kings often took the name of their grandfather upon their accession. Notably this is the case at Palenque, where one inscription refers to Ahkal Mo' Nahb II simply as "grandson of Ahkal Mo' Nahb." As a brother of K'inich Ahkal Mo' Nahb III, Upakal K'inich would have been a grandson of K'inich Janaab Pakal. ...
...with his face and headdress graces the cover of Maya Cosmos (Freidel, Schele and Parker 1993). Lady Chak Nik Ye' Xook is thought to have brought an heirloom with her from Palenque to Copan — a jade Olmec head recarved with glyphs bearing a royal name similar to that of Upakal K'inich (Schele and Miller (1986; Martin and Grube 2000:174). This namesake is more likely to have been ...
...bearing a royal name similar to that of Upakal K'inich (Schele and Miller (1986; Martin and Grube 2000:174). This namesake is more likely to have been king of Comalcalco than Palenque, given that the two sites shared the same "bone" emblem glyph (Marc Zender, personal communication 2000). For a further discussion of this ruler at Mesoweb see The Rulers of ...given that the two sites shared the same "bone" emblem glyph (Marc Zender, personal communication 2000). For a further discussion of this ruler at Mesoweb see The Rulers of Palenque.


50-  name : K'inich Kan Bahlam II
text :
Maya ruler of Palenque; also known as Chan Bahlum II. Reigned AD 684-702. Dynastic title: Tenth in the line. Born: 9.10.2.6.6 2 Kimi 19 Sotz' (May 20, 635). Acceded: 9.12.11.12.10 8 Ok 3 K'ayab (January 7, 684). Died: 9.13.10.1.5 6 Chikchan 3 Pop (February 16, 702). Father: K'inich Janaab Pakal I. Mother: Lady Tz'akbu Ajaw. Brothers: K'inich K'an Joy Chitam II, Batz Chan Mat? Monuments: ...
...2008:168). The Temples of the Cross, Foliated Cross and Sun were dedicated together in AD 692 (Martin and Grube 2008:169). Each is consecrated to a different god of the Palenque Triad, and each has a sculptured tablet bearing a central icon after which the given building has been named: a cross (actually a "world tree"), a "foliated" cross, and the jaguar god of the night sun ...
...a taller one portraying him as an adult and a shorter as a youth (ibid.:169). The glyphic texts connect the dynastic line begun by Kan Bahlam's father with the foundation of Palenque in deep mythological time, providing legitimation for the patriline (ibid.:169). Reference is also made to a more recent event associated with a planetary conjunction in 690 (a date which is also recorded ...
...recorded on a jade with Kan Bahlam's portrait that was thrown into the Sacred Cenote at Chichen Itza) (ibid.:169). Kan Bahlam marked the 9.13.0.0.0 k'atun ending of 692 with Palenque's solitary figural stela (ibid.:169). In the military and political realms he substantially expanded Palenque's sphere of influence. He re-installed ...
...of Piedras Negras and Yaxchilan took him as their overlord (ibid.:170, 181-182). This is deduced from the depiction of lords of those two sites, said to be the vassals of Palenque, as captives at Tonina (ibid.:170, 181-182). That Palenque warred with Tonina itself is clear from texts from Temple 17 and the Temple of the Sun, ...
...2002) for the Temple of the Sun reference to the 687 attack on Tonina. For a further discussion at Mesoweb see the chapter on K'inich Kan Bahlam II in The Rulers of Palenque.


51-  name : K'inich Kan Bahlam III
text :
Maya ruler of Palenque. Reigned >751>. All we know of this king is that a Pomona text dating to 751 closely associates his name with the accession of local ruler (indicating that Pomona was a Palenque client at this juncture) (Martin and Grube 2008:174). The fact that K'inich Kan Bahlam III is not mentioned in any surviving ...
...client at this juncture) (Martin and Grube 2008:174). The fact that K'inich Kan Bahlam III is not mentioned in any surviving monuments at Palenque itself suggests that his reign was short and/or troubled (ibid.:174). Palenque is known to have been defeated around this time, according to an ...
...is known to have been defeated around this time, according to an inscription at Tonina; a broken panel depicting a war captive of K'inich Tuun Chapaat displays a Palenque emblem glyph, but the royal name that goes with the title is missing (ibid.:174, 187). Thus it is impossible to say whether the captive is the king himself or one of his vassals (ibid.:187). The foregoing ...
...Queens by Simon Martin and Nikolai Grube (2008:174, 187). Their sources include Guillermo Bernal Romero (2000) for first adding the name of K'inich Kan Bahlam III to the list of Palenque rulers based on the inscription at Pomona. The solitary reference to K'inich Kan Bahlam II is from the inscripition on Pomona Stela 7, which was discovered in the early 1990s by Roberto García Moll, ...


52-  name : K'inich K'an Joy Chitam II
text :
Maya ruler of Palenque; also known as Kan Xul II and K'an Hok' Chitam II. Ruled AD 702-720>. Born: 9.10.11.17.0 11 Ahaw 8 Mak (November 2, 644). Acceded: 9.13.10.6.8 5 Lamat 6 Xul (May 30, 702). Father: K'inich Janaab Pakal I. Mother: Lady Tz'akbu Ajaw. Brothers: Kan Bahlam II, Tiwol Chan Mat? Monuments: Palace Tablet; Del Río Throne?; Warrior Panel; Temple 14 Panel?; Dumbarton Oaks ...
...Warrior Panel; Temple 14 Panel?; Dumbarton Oaks Panel. K'inich K'an Joy Chitam was fifty-seven years old when he followed his brother K'inich Kan Bahlam II on the throne of Palenque (Martin and Grube 2008:171). That he had been groomed as successor for quite some time is indicated by the fact that he had taken the title baah ch'ok, "head prince," eight years earlier, in AD 684 (ibid.:171). ...
..."head prince," eight years earlier, in AD 684 (ibid.:171). Historical assessment of K'inich K'an Joy Chitam has centered around a single monument from Tonina; this shows the Palenque king as a bound captive next to a short text saying that Tonina waged war against the center of Palenque (ibid.:171). Evidently Tonina had effected ...
...convincing case that K'inich K'an Joy Chitam was in fact restored to his kingship; Stuart pointed to a damaged but legible passage of Piedras Negras Stela 8 which associates the Palenque ruler's name with a date in 714 (ibid.:171). And an inscription from Palenque's Temple 16 states that he oversaw a ceremony in ...name with a date in 714 (ibid.:171). And an inscription from Palenque's Temple 16 states that he oversaw a ceremony in Palenque in 718—albeit presumably as a vassal of Tonina or a tribute-payer (ibid.:171). These two dates—both clearly post-capture—mean that there is no reason to question the account of K'inich K'an Joy Chitam ...
...Peter Mathews (1991) for the capture by Tonina; and David Stuart (2004, available online) as noted above. For a further discussion of this ruler at Mesoweb see The Rulers of Palenque.


53-  name : K'inich K'uk' Bahlam II
text :
Maya ruler of Palenque; also known as Bahlum K'uk' II. Reigned 764-783>. Acceded: 9.16.13.0.7 9 Manik' 15 Wo (March 4, 764). Father: K'inich Ahkal Mo' Nahb III. Mother: Lady Men Nik. Monuments: Tablet of the 96 Glyphs; Creation Tablet; House B Mural?; Bodega No. 218. Ironically, it is to the reign of the last significant ruler of Palenque ...
...II, but it omits those of K'inich Kan Bahlam II, K'inich Janaab Pakal II and K'inich Kan Bahlam II. Whereas the stone portrait-head incensario stand depicting one of the Palenque kings named K'uk' Bahlam might conceivably represent the dynasty founder K'uk' Bahlam I, the naturalism and even unflattering nature of the portraiture argues otherwise. Mary Miller and Simon Martin (2004:230) ...
...(2004:230) observe: Given the role of this piece in ancestral veneration, it is more likely, as David Stuart has suggested, that it represents the "founder" of the human Palenque dynasty, K'uk' B'ahlam I, who ruled the kingdom from AD 431 to 435. For a further discussion of this ruler at Mesoweb see The Rulers of Palenque


54-  name : K'inich Yo'nal Ahk I
text :
...mosaic headdress representing the Teotihuacan War Serpent, standing over captive figures (ibid.:142). In the case of Stela 26 (dating to 628) the captives are an aj k'uhuun from Palenque named Ch'ok Bahlam and a lord of Sak Tz'i' named K'ab Chan Te' (ibid.:142-143). Palenque and Piedras Negras were rivals for political control of the ...


55-  name : K'inich Yo'nal Ahk II
text :
...implied for his father's time by Panel 2's scene of kneeling sublords seems to have contracted substantially under Yo'nal Ahk (ibid.:144, 146). Under K'inich Kan Bahlam, Palenque is known to have exercised dominion over Anaay Te' and La Mar, the latter just ten miles from Piedras Negras; Tonina ventured into this same region and took captives under K'inich Baaknal Chaak (ibid.:170, ...
...Tonina ventured into this same region and took captives under K'inich Baaknal Chaak (ibid.:170, 181-182). In 725, a military commander under K'inich Ahkal Mo' Nahb III of Palenque captured a sajal of Yo'nal Ahk and sacked K'ina', apparently a part of the Piedras Negras kingdom (ibid.:146, 173). On the positive side of the ledger, Yo'nal Ahk captured a sajal of Itzamnaaj Bahlam ...
...an allusion to an ancestor's or parent's name) (ibid.:147). The last reference we have to Yo'nal Ahk would seem to be another marriage, in June 729, possibly to a woman of Palenque (ibid.:147). He must have died soon thereafter, as Ruler 4 acceded in November of that year (ibid.:147). He was probably buried in the rather unlikely location of the courtyard in front of Structure J-5, ...
...is based on Chronicle of the Maya Kings and Queens by Simon Martin and Nikolai Grube (2008:123, 145-147, 170, 173, 181-182). The authors cite Linda Schele (1991b) for the Palenque attack, adding that the war and the K'ina' connection were noted independently by Stanley Guenter and Marc Zender (1999). They cite William R. Coe (1959) for the burial, and Stanley Guenter and Alexandre ...
...Guenter and Alexandre Safronov (in Zender 2002) for Hix Witz as La Florida. Marc Zender and Stanley Guenter (personal communication 2000) feel that the K'ina site sacked by Palenque in 725 was Piedras Negras itself and that a number of sajals of K'inich Yo'nal Ahk were captured, one of whom is depicted on the Orator and Scribe panels at
...are suggestions that these may have something to do with a widespread phenomenon in the western Maya Lowlands. At 9.13.0.0.0 or A.D. 692, the Cross Group was constructed at Palenque, the panel complexes at Pomona, and Altar 1 erected in the West Group Court (David Stuart, personal communication, 2000). It is difficult to believe that these actions were coordinated among the sites, ...
...an event in 723 do not match that of the Calakmul king at that time. As for what other power might have subjected Piedras Negras, Martin suggests the hypothetical possibility of Palenque and its ruler K'inich Ahkal Mo' Nahb III. This king is known to have captured a sajal of Yonal Ahk, probably in 725, while his predecessor, K'inich K'an Joy Chitam II is mentioned on Stela 8. And, as ...


56-  name : Knot-eye Jaguar I
text :
...in 518 (ibid.:121). Yet Stela 14 from 521 names a son of Bird Jaguar II, suggesting that Knot-eye Jaguar I, like Yich'aak Bahlam of Seibal and K'inich K'an Joy Chitam of Palenque, was released by his captors and permitted to resume the throne as their vassal (ibid.:63, 121, 171). The foregoing is based on Chronicle of the Maya Kings and Queens by Simon Martin and Nikolai Grube ...


> Entries found : 63 items
  Items 49 - 56