Browse All Records:  | First | Last | Prev | Next | Search | (Viewing record 463 of 1134) |  Unbold
Mesoweb Home | Browse All

Janaab Pakal III

6-? ja-na-bi pa-ka-la, "6 Death ? Shield". Drawing, transcription and translation after Martin and Grube (2008).


Maya ruler of Palenque; also known as 6 Cimi Pakal. Reigned 799-?.

Acceded: 9.18.9.4.4 7 K'an 17 Muwan (November 13, 799).

The name of the last ruler to bear the Baakal emblem glyph of Palenque appears on a carved blackware vessel found in a residential quarter outside the royal precinct, cached in a sub-floor burial (Martin and Grube 2008:175). "Calendar names" like Wak Kimi ("Six Death") have been taken to be the product of increasingly strong Mexican influence in this late era, but this overlooks the time-depth of contacts between the cultures, particularly in the west of the Maya region (ibid.:175).

The final known inscriptional reference to the Baakal occurs on a fired clay brick at Comalcalco and dates to c. AD 814 (ibid.:175). This does not break the silence at Palenque, however, since Comalcalco also employed the Baakal emblem (ibid.:165, 175).

The foregoing is based on Chronicle of the Maya Kings and Queens by Simon Martin and Nikolai Grube (2008:165, 175). Their sources include Jean-Michel Hoppan (1996, available online) for the 814 date at Comalcalco.


Chan Ajaw ("Four Lord"), one of the kneeling figures depicted on the sculptured platform from Palenque Temple 19 from AD 731, has a "calendar name" (Stuart 2005:115-117). This name also appears as a sculptor's signature on an unprovenanced panel depicting Lady Ook Ayiin of Yomop.

The carved blackware vessel bearing the Janaab' Pakal name is on display in the Palenque site museum. A placard describes it as follows:

This vase registers the date 9.18.9.4.4, 7 K'an 17 Muwaan, equivalent to November 13, 799, the latest date known at Palenque. The inscription mentions the accession to office of Lord Wak Kimi Janaahb' Pakal, the last ruler of Palenque. However, this person didn't hold the title of k'uhul B'aakal ajaw "Sacred Lord of Palenque", which implies that he probably was a lower rank dignitary.

Structure III of Murcielagos Section Group B
9th Century