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K'inich Kan Bahlam III

K'INICH-ka-KAN[BAHLAM], "Radiant Jaguar Snake". Drawing, transcription and translation after Martin and Grube (2008).


Maya ruler of Palenque. Reigned >751>.

All we know of this king is that a Pomona text dating to 751 closely associates his name with the accession of local ruler (indicating that Pomona was a Palenque client at this juncture) (Martin and Grube 2008:174). The fact that K'inich Kan Bahlam III is not mentioned in any surviving monuments at Palenque itself suggests that his reign was short and/or troubled (ibid.:174).

Palenque is known to have been defeated around this time, according to an inscription at Tonina; a broken panel depicting a war captive of K'inich Tuun Chapaat displays a Palenque emblem glyph, but the royal name that goes with the title is missing (ibid.:174, 187). Thus it is impossible to say whether the captive is the king himself or one of his vassals (ibid.:187).

The foregoing is based on Chronicle of the Maya Kings and Queens by Simon Martin and Nikolai Grube (2008:174, 187). Their sources include Guillermo Bernal Romero (2000) for first adding the name of K'inich Kan Bahlam III to the list of Palenque rulers based on the inscription at Pomona.


The solitary reference to K'inich Kan Bahlam II is from the inscripition on Pomona Stela 7, which was discovered in the early 1990s by Roberto García Moll, and was commissioned by Pomona ruler K'inich Ho' Hiix Bahlam in celebration of the period ending of 9.16.0.0.0 2 Ajaw 13 Sek (May 9, 751) (Marc Zender 2004, citing Stanley Guenter, personal communication 2003; Schele and Grube 1995:II-115). The final passage of the monument states that the period-ending ceremonies were undertaken by the king with the assistance of Jewel Jaguar, his ti'sakhuun, and accompanied by K'inich Kan Bahlam, K'uhul Baakel Ajaw (Zender 2004, citing Bernal 2000:27).