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Lady Yohl Ik'nal

IX-(Y)O:L-la IK'-NAL-la, "Lady Heart of the Wind Place". Drawing, transcription and translation after Martin and Grube (2008).

Maya ruler of Palenque; also known as Lady Kan Ik and Lady K'anal Ik'nal. Reigned AD 583-604.

Acceded: 9 Lamat 1 Muwan (December 23, 583).

Died: 2 Eb' 20 Keh (November 4, 604).

Son: Ajen Yohl Mat?

Lady Yohl Ik'nal was one of a very small number of Maya women of the Classic era to carry a full royal title and rule in her own right for a complete term; she reigned for a full twenty-one years (Martin and Grube 2008:159).

Lady Yohl Ik'nal was probably the daughter of the previous ruler, Kan Bahlam I, who seems to have died without leaving a male heir, although she could have been his sister (ibid.:159).

The House C Hieroglyphic Stairway of Palenque's Palace records a military assault and probable sacking of Palenque on a date that is best interpreted as falling on April 21, 599 (ibid.:159-160). The personal identity of the attacker remains obscure but his kingdom was definitely the "snake-head" polity of Kaan (which was possibly not yet centered in Calakmul in Lady Yohl Ik'nal's time) (ibid.:101, 103, 160). The patron deities of Palenque are said to have been "thrown down", which can be taken metaphorically to mean Palenque's defeat or literally to refer to the despoiling of its sacred effigies (ibid.:160).

The foregoing is based on Chronicle of the Maya Kings and Queens by Simon Martin and Nikolai Grube (2008:101, 103, 159-160). Their sources include Guillermo Bernal Romero (1999) for the reading of the queen's name as Yohl rather than Ohl.

For a further discussion at Mesoweb see the chapter on Lady Yohl Ik'nal in The Rulers of Palenque.