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Ajen Yohl Mat

AJ-je-ne-(Y)O:L ma-ta. Drawing and transcription after Martin and Grube (2008:161).


Maya ruler of Palenque; also known as Aj Ne' Ohl Mat, Ac Kan, and Ah Lawal Mat. Reigned AD 605-612.

Acceded: 9.8.11.9.10 8 Ok 18 Muwan (January 1, 605).

Died: 9.8.19.4.6 2 Kimi 14 Mol (August 8, 612).

Mother: Lady Yohl Ik'nal?

As this ruler followed Lady Yohl Ik'nal on the throne of Palenque, it is likely that he was her son (Martin and Grube 2008:160). Another important figure in Palenque at this time, Janaab Pakal, may have been her consort or a second son; not to be confused with the later K'inich Janaab Pakal the Great, he carried a full emblem glyph even though he never ascended the throne (ibid.:161).

Under Ajen Yohl Mat, Palenque's sphere of influence extended as far as the Río San Pedro Mártir, where the ruler of the strategically located site of Santa Elena acceded under his auspices (ibid.:161).

It was in Ajen Yohl Mat's seventh year of rule that a catastrophe was visited upon Palenque. The glyphic panels of the Temple of the Inscriptions record that on April 4, 611, Palenque was "axed" and probably sacked by Scroll Serpent of Kaan (ibid.:161). In Maya historical rhetoric, such humiliations are usually contrasted with successful revenge, but here the absence of any ultimate victory by Palenque suggests that the disaster somehow explains the events that follow (ibid.:161). Although Ajen Yohl Mat and Janaab Pakal survived the attack, both were dead within sixteen months and a dynastic crisis ensued (ibid.:161).

The foregoing is based on Chronicle of the Maya Kings and Queens by Simon Martin and Nikolai Grube (2008:160-161). Their sources include Mathew Looper and Linda Schele (1991) for the 611 attack.


For a further discussion at Mesoweb see the chapter on Ajen Yohl Mat in The Rulers of Palenque.