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This kind of figure can be found over a large geographical area and over a very long historical period, from the Early Post-Classic down to Aztec times. The popular name for this kind of sculpture ("Chac Mool"), though, was rather fancifully coined in the XIX Century by the French explorer Le Plongeon. This is one of the finest examples anywhere of this kind of figure.

Reclining figure with plate on abdomen
Early Post-Classic (900-1250 A.D.)
Chich'en Itzá, State of Yucatán
1.09 x 1.48 m.
National Museum of Anthropology, Mexico.

Photo © Jorge Pérez de Lara