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The scenes carved around the outer surface of this huge drum-shaped stone memorialize the conquests of fifteen different peoples by the Mexica, led by the tlatoani Tízoc. Grabbing an enemy by the hair was used all over Mesoamerica for centuries to denote capture. Capture (and subsequent sacrifice) was the goal of Mesoamerican warfare and not the slaughter of the enemy in the battlefield.

Stone of Tízoc (detail)
Mexica (Aztec)
Late Post-Classic (1325-1521 A.D.)
Mexico City
90 x 270 cm. (for the complete stone)
National Museum of Anthropology, Mexico.

Photo © Jorge Pérez de Lara