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Excerpt from Dr. Tiesler's paper:

The practices of dental decoration and head shaping were studied between 1992 and 1998. The total sample comprised 1,515 Maya individuals from 94 sites in the present-day Mexican states of Campeche, Yucatán, Quintana Roo, Tabasco and Chiapas, as well as Guatemala and Honduras. The results indicate that 88.65% of crania evaluated were artificially shaped.

Tabular erect cranial deformation achieved by the use of a cradleboard; Xcaret, Quinatana Roo, Mexico; Classic Period.