By Merle Greene Robertson, Marjorie S. Rosenblum Scandizzo and John R. Scandizzo

Originally presented at the Second Palenque Roundtable in 1974. Published in 1976 in The Art, Iconography & Dynastic History of Palenque, Part III, edited by Merle Greene Robertson. Pebble Beach, California: Pre-Columbian Art Research, The Robert Louis Stevenson School. This paper is presented in digital format for its historical interest. See Tiesler (2004) and Romano Pacheco (2005) for recent osteological evidence indicating that Pakal did not have a club foot. Online publication: January 2005.

Physical Deformities in the Ruling Lineage of Palenque,
And the Dynastic Implications
(Adobe Acrobat Reader Format)

Free download:
Adobe Acrobat Reader