David Humiston Kelley (from Coe 1992:Pl. 26).
(Tuesday, May 24, 2011) The world of Maya studies has lost another of its greatest scholars. Less than a month after the death of Merle Greene Robertson, David Kelley passed away in Calgary on Thursday, May 19, 2011. A pioneer in key developments in the phonetic decipherment of Maya hieroglyphic writing, Dave was also an expert in a large number of other academic fields, from astronomy to genealogy, and from ethnohistory to calendars.

Dave was born in Albany, New York, on April 1, 1924. His father was Irish Catholic, and his mother a New York Yankee descended from Amos Humiston, the famous 'unknown soldier' of the Battle of Gettysburg. (Amos Humiston died clutching in his hand a photograph of his three young children, and newspapers began a search for the children's mother, who was finally found in upstate New York. The oldest of the children, Frank, was Dave's grandfather [Morris 2009].)

By age fifteen or so Dave had become interested in archaeology, stimulated by the book Digging in Yucatan (Morris 1931), a copy of which was given to him by his Aunt Alice. As Michael Coe later recounted:

Two of the plates in the book fascinated him: one, near the beginning, showed a tremendous mound of dirt at Chichén Itzá, with people standing on it, while in the second one, near the end, that same mound had turned into the resplendent Temple of the Thousand Columns. As Dave puts it, "I thought, hey, that's something I'd like to be doing." (Coe 1992:157)

Temple of the Warriors, Chichen Itza, before and after excavation and consolidation (Morris 1931:Figs. 1, 40).

Some time later, Dave wrote to Alfred Tozzer, the Bowditch Professor of American Archaeology at Harvard University, and after several years in the army (in the United States Army Air Force, most of his service spent in Kettering, England) Dave entered Harvard on the GI Bill to study Anthropology. His Senior Honors thesis (Kelley 1950) set the scene for how he conducted his later research, comprising a detailed and comprehensive study of documentary sources for the study of what now would be called the ethnohistory of Central Mexico.

Dave continued at Harvard as a graduate student, and was proud to call himself Alfred Tozzer's last graduate student. His dissertation (Kelley 1957) was on a subject that I suspect might have initially somewhat alarmed the rather formal Tozzer. It was subtitled "Evidence for a Mexican Element in the Formation of Polynesian Culture." However, Tozzer I am sure by this time had recognized in Dave the kind of scholar with whom he would have shared an affinity: a careful researcher who made sure that he was immersed in the literature and arguments of a particular subject before he published about it. The difference, perhaps, between Dave Kelley and Alfred Tozzer was that Dave had a highly varied and eclectic repertoire: by the time his dissertation was completed he had already published articles on European genealogy (Kelley 1947), Mexican ethnohistory (Kelley 1953), astronomy (Kelley 1954), and Mexican and North American mythology and linguistics (Kelley 1955). All of these subjects would remain major themes of interest to Dave for the rest of his life.

After receiving his PhD from Harvard, Dave held a teaching position at Texas Tech University in Lubbock. By this time he had married Jane Holden, an archaeologist he had met while at Harvard, and they were starting their family, which eventually grew to four children. Also at this time Dave was awarded two Fullbright scholarships, to undertake fieldwork and teaching in Peru (1957-1958) and Uruguay (1963), respectively. In 1964 the Kelleys moved to the University of Nebraska in Lincoln, and later still (in 1968) to the University of Calgary in Canada, where both Dave and Jane became professors in the Department of Archaeology—one of whose founders was Richard "Scotty" MacNeish, with whom Dave had conducted fieldwork in Tamaulipas, Mexico, in the 1950s.

Around this time, Dave published several key articles on various aspects of Maya hieroglyphic writing. "Glyphic Evidence for a Dynastic Sequence at Quirigua, Guatemala" was published in 1962, in the flagship journal American Antiquity (Kelley 1962a). With this article Dave provided the first published support for Tatiana Proskouriakoff's brilliant argument that the content of the Classic period monumental inscriptions of the Maya is predominantly historical in nature. Proskouriakoff's landmark paper had been published in American Antiquity two years earlier, and while it received universal scholarly acceptance as soon as it was published, Dave Kelley's article on Quirigua was the first application of Proskouriakoff's method to the inscriptional corpus of another site. "Fonetismo en la escritura maya" (Kelley 1962b) was published in the prestigious Mexican serial Estudios de Cultura Maya. This article represents the first major statement outside the Soviet Union in support of Yuri Knorozov's decipherment of "phonetic," or syllabic, signs in Maya writing. Dave had met Knorozov at a conference in Copenhagen in 1956 (Lebrun 2005:4-5), and had become convinced of the correctness of his approach (e.g., Knorozov 1958). This was significant, as the greatest Mayanist scholar of the time, J. Eric S. Thompson, was implacably opposed to Knorozov's proposal and had written several stinging rebuttals of Knorozov's arguments (e.g., Thompson 1953). However Thompson's rebuttals focused on some incorrect decipherments of individual glyphs by Knorozov, as a way of condemning his entire work; Dave Kelley focused on Knorozov's methodology, which he argued in his 1962 article was sound, despite some errors of application. Also published in 1962 was "A History of the Decipherment of Maya Script" (Kelley 1962c), which provided a balanced and up-to-date summary of the previous history of the field of Maya hieroglyphic studies. These articles represent the beginning of a much larger work that Dave was preparing: a book that was, after some delays, published by the University of Texas Press (Kelley 1976). This work was an encyclopedic treatise on what was known about Maya writing up to the early 1970s, and it was by far the best statement made about the various aspects of Maya writing and its decipherment up to that time.

While Dave was building his reputation as a hieroglyphic expert, he continued actively to pursue his other research interests. Through the 1960s and 1970s he published on linguistics, mythology, trans-oceanic diffusion, genealogy, early writing, calendar systems, and astronomy, even while he continued to make important contributions to Maya hieroglyphic decipherment.

Another of Dave's major interests was the problem of the correlation between the Maya and European calendars. Dave was always convinced that the correlation almost universally used today (originally proposed by Thompson in 1935), is wrong, and he spent much of his career looking for the correct solution. Over the years he proposed at least four correlations of his own, and by the 1990s he had become convinced that the correct correlation was one proposed by Andreas Fuhls and Bryan Wells (which places dates 208 years after those in Thompson's correlation).

Since his Harvard years Dave had been interested in diffusion and trans-oceanic contact. This is a subject which has attracted a lot of research that is, let us say, of variable quality, and which could potentially damage academic reputations. Dave would not have been worried by the danger (indeed, he would have relished it). The point is that he brought his rigorous and thorough scholarly research methods to the subject, and when Dave pronounced on this subject (or any other) one ignored him at one's peril. It also led to great titles for articles, such as "Knife-Wing and Other Man-Eating Birds" (Kelley 1964b), an article which brought together linguistic and mythological data from the American Southwest, Polynesia, and Mesoamerica. One of Dave's proudest moments was when one of his Ph.D. students, Joe D. Stewart, received the Canadian Governor-General's award for the best anthropological dissertation of the year. Joe's thesis was a study of the relationship between Asian and Mesoamerican calendar systems, a subject dear to Dave's heart and to which he himself contributed (Moran and Kelley 1969).

Genealogical studies formed another of Dave's major interests (I am not sure, but perhaps spawned by his family background involving Amos Humiston). Early in his career he made detailed research into the dynasties of medieval Europe (his first published article, while still an undergraduate at Harvard, involved the family of Charlemagne [Kelley 1947]). In recognition of his many accomplishments in genealogical studies, Dave was elected as Fellow of the American Society of Genealogists in 1970. Dave loved doing genealogical research, and was never happier than when discovering yet another family link in ancient Mixtec dynasties, or among European royal families, or in his beloved Ireland. Sadly, much of his superb work into the genealogies of the Toltecs and other Postclassic Mesoamerican dynasties remains unpublished, although some details have been published in several important articles (Kelley 1984, 1987, 1992a).

Yet another area in which Dave was an expert was astronomy. He used his astronomical research in combination with his knowledge on calendar systems to work on the Maya correlation problem, and he wrote several important publications on astronomy over his career. These culminated in 2005 (when Dave was over 80) with a prodigious volume, Exploring Ancient Skies, which he wrote with his colleague and close friend Eugene F. Milone. This book went to its second edition just earlier this year. As Stanley Guenter notes:

I had the privilege to take one of Dave's last classes, a seminar on archaeoastronomy co-taught with Dr. Milone at the very time the two were writing their book. While writing my research paper for the class on the subject of the Venus Tables of the Dresden Codex I took advantage of Dave's remarkable generosity with his time, and while our discussions might begin on the calendar or astronomy they usually ranged far afield, and often came back to the relationships of Toltec princes to the other royal lines of Mesoamerica, an interest that Dave certainly inspired in me. Since I disagreed with Dave on the correlation issue I would occasionally have the audacity to put forth some evidence that I, in my naïveté, thought to be a trump. Without fail that famous grin would come across Dave's face, and with a twinkle in his eye, he would present the perfect (and quite often most arcane) counter-evidence to thoroughly refute my point. I can honestly say that I have never met a more erudite and knowledgeable person than Dave Kelley, but this was something that Dave demonstrated, without boasting. One was in awe of Dave and his prodigious memory and insightful mind, but not intimidated by him, and while I learned a lot of humility in my discussions with him, I take pride in having been his student. (Stanley Guenter, personal communication 2011)

Later in his career Dave published a number of insightful and incisive reviews in the journal Quarterly Review of Archaeology (later simply the Review of Archaeology). These generally involved several books or articles dealt with thematically, on such diverse topics as: Maya archaeology, ceramics, and epigraphy; Mesoamerican archaeology, linguistics, and ethnohistory; and script diffusion. These reviews were an excellent opportunity for Dave to exercise his wide-ranging and eclectic knowledge. I have never read such perceptive reviews as those written by Dave Kelley.

Dave was legendary as a teacher. He taught a huge number of clases and over a wide range of subjects, some of which would probably be considered, sadly, too esoteric to be taught in most universities today. Dave's classes were always an adventure. I remember in undergraduate classes frenetically trying to take notes on a topic that started out, say, as the archaeology of Chichen Itza, but which quickly moved to the Aztec calendar to Polynesian terms for the sweet potato to Jewish princes in Europe—and leaving us in the class wondering how Dave had got there so seamlessly, and how on earth we were going to be able to remember all this for the exam. He would ask exam questions such as "Make up a question and answer it. You will be marked on both your question and your answer," which if you think about it is not nearly as easy as it seems. Another question I remember Dave posing is a puzzle that combines his interests in mythology, calendar, and cross-cultural comparisons. The question is this: "Name two gods both with a serpent foot and both born in the year 753."

At Calgary the home of Dave and Jane became the spiritual center of the Department of Archaeology. They always made their home welcome to students and visitors, and their Thanksgiving dinners were legendary. (I believe that 150 people came to at least one of them; quite simply I do not know how Jane managed to host them so wonderfully.)

Jane Kelley, Linda Schele, David Stuart, Dave Kelley, and Peter Mathews at Chichen Itza (photo: Merle Greene Robertson).

If I may, I'd like to relate how I met Dave, for I believe it illustrates the warmth and generosity of spirit of both Dave and Jane. One of my major regrets in my career is that I didn't meet them a year earlier. I was an undergraduate at the University of Calgary, and nearing the end of my first year, but had only seen Dave and Jane in the Department corridor and had never summoned up the courage to talk with either of them: in my native Australia at the time professors were so lofty that it would have been quite presumptuous for a lowly undergraduate to engage with them in any personal way. Nevertheless, I had become close to one professor at Calgary, Scott Raymond, who had been very supportive and friendly to me during my first year, and who kept saying to me "if you're interested in Mesoamerica, you really must speak with Dave Kelley." Towards the end of my first year, I believed I'd worked out an excuse for approaching Dave, so I gingerly knocked on his office door, and mumbled to him something like "I think I'm interested in Mesoamerica." His response absolutely floored me: "Well, you'd better come back home for supper tonight." I really had no idea how to interpret this unexpected response. Apart form anything else, what was Jane going to say to an additional mouth to feed at no notice? I think that night was the most stimulating of my life. Jane and Dave and their family made me most welcome, and Dave and I talked long into the night, until at about three in the morning he drove me back to my apartment. Over the next three years I spent many evenings (and early mornings) at Dave and Jane's, while Dave patiently gave me one-on-one lessons on the Maya and Mesoamerica, and particularly on Maya hieroglyphic writing, with a bit of linguistics, astronomy, genealogy, correlations, and trans-Pacific contacts thrown in for good measure. In the process, Jane and Dave became second parents to me.

This generosity on the part of the Kelleys—open to all students who passed through Calgary—is echoed by a later student, who went from Mexico to Calgary to complete his PhD, Armando Anaya:

I first met Dave shortly after my family and I arrived in Calgary. At the time we were overwhelmed by a completely different geographic and cultural setting and were not sure that we would adapt easily. Dave immediately struck me as a laid-back good-natured fellow, not the erudite stereotype that I had imagined, having read about his ground-breaking contributions in the field of Maya studies. His bright smile and cheerful disposition always brought a joyous note to any gathering that we had, spending the nights singing Mexican and Irish folk songs. I guess it was in part his Irish glee that attracted me so much to Dave: for historic reasons Mexicans will always be in debt to the Irish. Dave was a very wise man, and not only because of the plethora of topics that he mastered, but because he had the gift to convey that knowledge and inspire his students to search beyond the limits sometimes imposed by mainstream academia. In that sense Dave was always a maverick, his views often leading him to abandon the comfort of consensual agreements on critical issues such as the Maya calendar correlation, or the diffusion of cultural traits, and he was never dismayed or bitter by counter-arguments (or lack of same) downplaying his work. Dave was a down-to earth intellectual, the kind of intellectual that we need to reach out and demystify knowledge. He led a simple uncomplicated life always in touch with those who sought to learn something from him, and always willing to share a song. (Armando Anaya, personal communication 2011)

I have taken it as a huge complement when on occasion students have compared me with Dave. The context is of course not my brain, but rather my filing system, which I must admit at times looks like Dave's. The term "organized chaos" comes to mind. Dave's university office and his study at home would usually have relatively little floor space visible: both places had mini-skyscrapers of papers and books stacked in teetering piles around the floor and between bookcases and the occasional chair. Maneuvering between the piles without precipitating some dreadful sort of domino effect was an adventure in travel. Dave was always wonderfully generous in sharing his books and papers and offprints, and if one asked him if he had a copy of such-and-such, he would rub his bald forehead and gesture to a couple of piles on the floor and say, "Yes, I think it's in this pile, or that pile—or it's in New Hampshire." In my experience he was invariably right—it was in the first pile. I remember his anguish when one summer in his absence some well-meaning souls "tidied up" his office—it took months for him to get his "system" back in order!

Dave Kelley at his home in Calgary, April 18, 2005
(from Lebrun 2005).

Dave was a gentle, considerate man who was always willing to help students, friends, colleagues, and even total strangers if they were in need. And he was always ready for a discussion on anything—from current affairs to academic topics, but never such a dry discussion that he couldn't at the drop of a hat burst into singing an Irish revolutionary song (or Mexican revolutionary song, for that matter). He was, quite simply, one of a kind, and I think I can truly speak for all his friends when I say that the world will not see his like again.

Dave was appointed an Emeritus Professor at the University of Calgary after his "retirement." In 1999 he was the first recipient of the Tatiana Proskouriakoff Award from his beloved Harvard University for his contributions to Mayan decipherment.

The Kelley family.

Dave Kelley leaves his wife Jane and his children Becky, Megan, and Dennis (his oldest son Michael predeceased him), as well as four grandchildren, and a host of friends, colleagues, and former students.

The David Humiston Kelley Scholarship

The Department of Archaeology at the University of Calgary is in the process of establishing a David Humiston Kelley Scholarship in memory of Dave. If friends so desire, memorial tributes may be sent to:

David Kelley Scholarship
c/o Department of Archaeology
The University of Calgary
2500 University Dr. N.W.
Calgary, AB, T2N 1N4

Condolences may be forwarded through www.hffs.com.


Coe, Michael D.

1992 Breaking the Maya Code. New York: Thames and Hudson.

Knorozov, Yurij V.

1958 New Data on the Maya Written Language. Proceedings of the International Congress of Americanists (32 : Copenhagen : 1956) 467-475. Copenhagen: Munksgaard.

Lebrun, David

2005 An Interview with David Kelley, April 18, 2005. Breaking the Maya Code: www.nightfirefilms.org/breakingthemayacode/interviews/KelleyTRANSCRIPT.pdf.

Morris, Ann Axtell

1931 Digging in Yucatan. New York: Junior Literary Guild.

Morris, Earl H., Jean Charlot, and Ann Axtell Morris

1931 The Temple of the Warriors at Chichen Itzá, Yucatan. 2 vols. Publication 406. Washington, D.C.: Carnegie Institution of Washington.

Morris, Errol

2009 Whose Father Was He? (Part Four). Opiniator, Exclusive Online Commentary from The Times, April 1, 2009: opinionator.blogs.nytimes.com/2009/04/01/whose-father-was-he-part-four/.

Proskouriakoff, Tatiana

1960 Historical Implications of a Pattern of Dates at Piedras Negras, Guatemala. American Antiquity 25(4):454-475.

Thompson, J. Eric S.

1935 Maya Chronology: The Correlation Question. Contributions to American Archaeology 3(14):51-104. Publication 456. Washington, D.C.: Carnegie Institution of Washington.

1953 [Nota bibliográfica:] Y. V. Knorozov, "La antigua escritura de los pueblos de América Central," en Etnografía Soviética, octubre de 1952. Yan 2:174-178.

David H. Kelley: A Bibliography (compiled by Marc Zender and Peter Mathews)

1947 Genealogical Research in England: A New Consideration of the Carolingians. The New England Historical and Genealogical Register 101:109-112.

1950 A History of Pre-Spanish Meso-America: A Brief Summary and Analysis of Available Documentary Materials. Senior honors thesis, Department of Anthropology, Harvard University.

1953 Historia prehispánica del Totonacapan. Revista Mexicana de Estudios Antropológicos 13(2-3):303-310. Mexico.

1954 On Ancient Mexican Stellar Beliefs. New World Antiquity 10:3-6. London.

1955 Quetzalcoatl and his Coyote Origins. El México Antiguo 8:397-416. Mexico.

1957 Our Elder Brother Coyote: Evidence for a Mexican Element in the Formation of Polynesian Culture. Ph.D. dissertation, Department of Anthropology, Harvard University.

1960a Calendar Animals and Deities. Southwestern Journal of Anthropology 16(3):317-337.

1960b Tabular Chart of a Suggested Alignment of the Names of the Lunar Nights in Polynesia and of the Day-names of Mesoamerica. Katunob 1(4):52-54. Greeley, Colorado.

1962a Glyphic Evidence for a Dynastic Sequence at Quirigua, Guatemala. American Antiquity 27(3):323-335.

1962b Fonetismo en la escritura maya. Estudios de Cultura Maya 2:277-317. Mexico: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.

1962c A History of the Decipherment of Maya Script. Anthropological Linguistics 4(8):1-48.

1964a Linguistics and Problems of Trans-Pacific Contacts. Proceedings of the International Congress of Americanists (35 : Mexico : 1962) 1:17-18. Mexico: Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia.

1964b Knife-Wing and Other Man-Eating Birds. Proceedings of the International Congress of Americanists (35 : Mexico : 1962) 1:589-590. Mexico: Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia.

1965a The Birth of the Gods at Palenque. Estudios de Cultura Maya 5:93-134. Mexico: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.

1965b Early Irish Genealogy. The American Genealogist 41(2):65-76.

1966 A Cylinder Seal from Tlatilco. American Antiquity 31(5):744-746.

1968a Mayan Fire Glyphs. Estudios de Cultura Maya 7:141-157. Mexico: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.

1968b Kakupacal and the Itzas. Estudios de Cultura Maya 7:255-268. Mexico: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.

1968c Resumén de los progresos en el desciframiento logrados hasta la fecha. Boletín Escritura Maya 2-3(6):41-57. Mexico.

1969 The Claimed Irish Origin of Clan Munro. The American Genealogist 45(2):65-78.

1970a Edwin of Tegeingl. The American Genealogist 46(2):75-80.

1970b A Royal Line from Edward I to Dorothy May Bradford of Plymouth, Massachusetts. The American Genealogist 47(2):117-118. [Mistakenly attributed to Charles F. H. Evans: see The American Genealogist 47(2):87 for correction and additional information.]

1971a Diffusion: Evidence and Process. In Man Across the Sea: Problems of Pre-Columbian Contacts, edited by Carroll L. Riley, J. Charles Kelly, Campbell W. Pennington, and Robert L. Rands, pp. 60-65. Austin: University of Texas Press.

1971b A Descent from the Kings of Strathclyde. The American Genealogist 47(2):79-86.

1971c Reconocimientos arqueológicos en la costa norte. Arqueología y Sociedad 5:1-15. Lima: Museo de Arqueología y Etnología de la Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, Lima, Peru.

1972 The Nine Lords of the Night. In Studies in the Archaeology of Mexico and Guatemala, edited by John A. Graham, pp. 53-68. Contributions of the University of California Archaeological Research Facility 16. Berkeley: University of California.

1973 A Note on the Robertins. The American Genealogist 49(2):85-88.

1974 Eurasian Evidence and the Mayan Calendar Correlation Problem. In Mesoamerican Archaeology: New Approaches, edited by Norman Hammond, pp. 135-143. London: Duckworth.

1975a Planetary Data on Caracol Stela 3. In Archaeoastronomy in Pre-Columbian America, edited by Anthony F. Aveni, pp. 257-262. Austin: University of Texas Press.

1975b The World Ages in India and Mesoamerica. Newsletter and Proceedings, Society for Early Historic Archaeology, Brigham Young University 137:1-18.

1976 Deciphering the Maya Script. Austin: University of Texas Press.

1977a Maya Astronomical Tables and Inscriptions. In Native American Astronomy: Papers presented at a Symposium, held at Colgate University, September 23-26, 1975, edited by Anthony F. Aveni, pp. 57-73. Austin: University of Texas Press.

1977b A Possible Maya Eclipse Record. In Social Process in Maya Prehistory: Essays in Honour of Sir Eric Thompson, edited by Norman Hammond, pp. 405-408. London: Academic Press.

1978a Descents from the High Kings of Ireland. The American Genealogist 54(1):1-5.

1978b Who Descends from King David? Toledot: The Journal of Jewish Genealogy 1(3):3-5.

1980a Astronomical Identities of Mesoamerican Gods. Archaeoastronomy 2:1-54. [Supplement to the Journal for the History of Astronomy 11.]

1980b The Ancestry of Eve of Leinster. The Genealogist 1(1):4-26.

1980c [Untitled Review of Reyes y Reinos de la Mixteca, Vol. I (1977), Vol. II (1979), by Alfonso Caso.] Quarterly Review of Archaeology 1:11-12.

1980d Cuadros Astronómicos e Inscripciones Mayas. In Astronomía en la América Antigua, edited by Anthony F. Aveni, pp. 84-104. Mexico City: Siglo Veintiuno. [Spanish translation of Kelley 1977a.]

1981a Anthropological "Law" and Archaeological Reality. [Review of Excavations at Zacualpa, Guatemala, by Robert L. Wauchope (1948); and Zacualpa, El Quiche, Guatemala, by Robert L. Wauchope (1975).] Quarterly Review of Archaeology 2(2):1-5.

1981b History and Anthropology of the Middle Classic. [Review of Middle Classic Mesoamerica, A.D. 400-700, edited by Esther Pasztory (1978).] Quarterly Review of Archaeology 2(3):9.

1981c Asian Artistic Complexes among the Maya. [Review of Asiatic Influences in Pre-Columbian American Art, by Paul Shao (1976).] Quarterly Review of Archaeology 2(4):9.

1982a Notes on Puuc Inscriptions and History. In Supplement to The Puuc: New Perspectives. Papers presented at the Puuc Symposium, Central College, May 1977, edited by Lawrence Mills, pp. 1-18. Scholarly Studies in the Liberal Arts, Supplement 1. Pella, Iowa: Central College. [The original publication of The Puuc (1977) did not contain Kelley's paper, which was first published in this supplement.]

1982b A Study in Early Celtic Genealogies: Dyfed. The Journal of Ancient and Medieval Studies 1(1):49-58.

1982c Costume and Name in Mesoamerica. Visible Language 16(1):39-48.

1982d Maya Culture History as Process. [Review of The World of the Ancient Maya, by John S. Henderson (1981).] Quarterly Review of Archaeology 3:1.

1983a The Maya Calendar Correlation Problem. In Civilization in the Ancient Americas: Essays in Honor of Gordon R. Willey, edited by Richard M. Leventhal and Alan L. Kolata, pp. 157-208. Santa Fe: University of New Mexico Press; Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University.

1983b Commentary: Hydroelectric Dams on the Usumacinta? Quarterly Review of Archaeology 4(2):11.

1983c Gods, Kings, and the Maya Underworld. [Review of The Maya Scribe and His World (1973), Classic Maya Pottery at Dumbarton Oaks (1975), Lords of the Underworld: Masterpieces of Classic Maya Ceramics (1978), and Old Gods and Young Heroes: The Pearlman Collection of Maya Ceramics (1982), by Michael D. Coe.] Quarterly Review of Archaeology 4(2):14.

1983d Under the Rainbow? Aesthetic, Economic and Political Elements in Our Perception of the Maya. Quarterly Review of Archaeology 4(3):5.

1983e Augustus' Relatives. Journal of Ancient and Medieval Studies 2:1-6. [Includes 3 charts, separately paginated.]

1984 The Toltec Empire in Yucatan. [Review of Maya and Toltec Figures at Chichen Itza, by Alfred M. Tozzer (1930), and "Captains of the Itzá: Unpublished Mural Evidence from Chichen Itza," by Arthur G. Miller (in Social Process in Maya Prehistory, edited by Norman Hammond, 1977.] Quarterly Review of Archaeology 5(2):12-13.

1985a The Lords of Palenque and the Lords of Heaven. In Fifth Palenque Round Table, 1983, Volume VII, edited by Virginia M. Fields, pp. 235-239. San Francisco: Pre-Columbian Art Research Institute.

1985b Late Classic Yucatecan Architecture. [Review of Los estilos Río Bec, Chenes y Puuc en la arquitectura maya, edited by Paul Gendrop (1983); Xkichmook Revisited, by George F. Andrews (1984); La crestería maya y su posible simbolismo, by Paul Gendrop (1984); and The Art and Architecture of Ancient America, revised edition, by George Kubler (1984).] Quarterly Review of Archaeology 6(3):4-5.

1986a The Illiterate (Maya?) Scribe. [Review of The Maya Book of the Dead: The Ceramic Codex, by Francis Robicsek and Donald M. Hales (1981).] Quarterly Review of Archaeology 7(1):13-14.

1986b Archaeoastronomy and the Maya Calendar Correlation Problem. [Review of Skywatchers of Ancient Mexico, by Anthony F. Aveni (1980).] Quarterly Review of Archaeology 7(2):4-5.

1986c Culture History and Linguistics in Mesoamerica. [Review of The Foreign Impact on Lowland Mayan Language and Script, by John S. Justeson, William M. Norman, Lyle Campbell, and Terrence Kaufman (1985); Quichean Linguistic Prehistory, by Lyle Campbell (1977); "A Linguistic Look at the Olmecs," by Lyle Campbell and Terrence Kaufman (1976); and "Cultural Continuity in Central Mexico: a Case for Otomangue," by Herbert R. Harvey (1964).] Quarterly Review of Archaeology 7(3-4):12-13.

1987 Imperial Tula. [Review of Tula: The Toltec Capital of Ancient Mexico, by Richard A. Diehl (1983); The Toltecs: Until the Fall of Tula, by Nigel Davies (1977); and "Native Pre-Aztec History of Central Mexico", by Robert Chadwick (1971).] Quarterly Review of Archaeology 8(1):14-16.

1988 Writing at Teotihuacan? [Review of Symbolic Notation of Teotihuacan, by James C. Langley (1986).] Quarterly Review of Archaeology 9(1):14.

1989a The House of Aethelred. In Studies in Genealogy and Family History in Tribute to Charles Evans on the Occasion of his Eightieth Birthday, edited by Lindsay L. Brook, pp. 63-93. Occasional Publications 2. Salt Lake City: Association for the Promotion of Scholarship in Genealogy.

1989b Mesoamerican Astronomy and the Maya Calendar Correlation Problem. In Memorias del Segundo Coloquio Internacional de Mayistas, edited by Alain Breton, vol. 1, pp. 65-96. Mexico: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.

1990a Proto-Tifinagh and Proto-Ogham in the Americas. [Review of works by Barry Fell, Gloria Farley, Erik Reinert, Carl Johannessen, William McGlone, Phillip Leonard, and Norman Totten.] Review of Archaeology 10(1):1-10.

1990b Tane and Sina: A Uto-Aztecan Astronomical Cult in Polynesia. In Circumpacifica: Festschrift für Thomas S. Barthel, edited by Bruno Illius and Matthias Laubscher, vol. 2, pp. 137-156. Bern: Verlag Peter Lang.

1992a Yucatán y el imperio tolteca. Arqueología, segunda época, 8:113-119. Mexico: Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia.

1992b Writing and Calendrics at Teotihuacan. [Review of Feathered Serpents and Flowering Trees: Reconstructing the Murals of Teotihuacan, edited by Kathleen Berrin (1988).] Review of Archaeology 13(1):1-2.

1993 The Decipherment of the Epi-Olmec Script as Zoquean. [Review of "A Decipherment of Epi-Olmec Hieroglyphic Writing", by John S. Justeson and Terrence Kaufman (1993).] Review of Archaeology 14(1):29-32.

1994a The Identification of the Proto-Tifinagh Script at Peterborough, Ontario. New England Antiquities Research Association Journal 28(3-4):86-98.

1994b Epigraphy and Other Fantasies [Review of Fantastic Archaeology: The Wild Side Of American Prehistory, by Stephen Williams (1991).] Review of Archaeology 15(2):8-14.

1994c A Medieval Miscellany: Commentaries on Roderick W. Stuart's Royalty for Commoners [2nd ed., 1992]. The American Genealogist 69(2):110-118.

1995a An Essay on Pre-Columbian Contacts between the Americas and Other Areas, with Special Reference to the Work of Ivan Van Sertima. In Race, Discourse, and the Origin of the Americas: A New World View, edited by Vera L. Hyatt and Rex Nettleford, pp. 103-122. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press.

1995b A Priestly Family of Memphis. Journal of Ancient and Medieval Studies 12:25-39.

1996 The Maya Calendar. In The Oxford Companion to Archaeology, edited by Brian M. Fagan. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

1997 *Wangkang, *Kumadjang, and *Longo. Pre-Columbiana: A Journal of Long Distance Contacts 1(1):72-77.

1998 Writing in the Americas. Journal of the West 37(4):25-30. Kettering, OH.

1999 [Untitled Review of Calendrical Calculations, by Nachum Dershowitz and Edward M. Reingold (1997); and Mapping Time: The Calendar and Its History, by E. G. Richards (1998).] Journal of the History of Astronomy 30(4):407-408.

2000a Linda Richmond Schele. Written Language and Literacy 3(1):193-195. Philadelphia.

2000b Ancient Mexican books. [Review of Stories in Red and Black: Pictorial Histories of the Aztecs and Mixtecs, by Elizabeth Hill Boone (2000), and Painted Books from Mexico: Codices in UK Collections and the World They Represent, by Gordon Brotherston (1995).] Review of Archaeology 21(2):1-5.

2001a Maya Astronomy. In Encyclopedia of Astronomy and Astrophysics, edited by Paul Murdin. Bristol, England: Institute of Physics Publishing.

2001b Förstemann, Ernst. In The Oxford Encyclopedia of Mesoamerican Cultures: The Civilizations of Mexico and Central America, edited by Davíd Carrasco, vol. 1, pp. 417-418. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

2001c Calendars and Calendrical Systems: Christian Calendar. In The Oxford Encyclopedia of Mesoamerican Cultures: The Civilizations of Mexico and Central America, edited by Davíd Carrasco, vol. 1, pp. 124-126. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

2001d Working with Linda. In Heart of Creation: The Mesoamerican World and the Legacy of Linda Schele, edited by Andrea Stone, pp. 268-270. Tuscaloosa: The University of Alabama Press.

2001e Was Solomon, Count of Roussillon, a Jewish King of Narbonne? Foundations 1(2):75-80. Chobham, England: Foundation for Medieval Genealogy.

2001f Kakupacal and the Itzas. In The Decipherment of Ancient Maya Writing, edited by Stephen D. Houston, Oswaldo Chinchilla, and David Stuart, pp. 358-367. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press. [Reprint of Kelley 1968b.]

2004 Kingship and Other Myths at Quirigua. [Review of Lightning Warrior, by Matthew G. Looper (2003).] Review of Archaeology 25(1):11-17.

2005 The Nibelungs. Foundations 1(6):425-440. Chobham, England: Foundation for Medieval Genealogy.

2006 The Political Role of Solomon, the Exilarch, c. 715-759 CE. Foundations 2(1):29-46. Chobham, England: Foundation for Medieval Genealogy.

2008 Archaeoastronomy. In Encyclopedia of Archaeology, edited by Deborah M. Pearsall, pp. 451-464. New York: Academic Press.

2009a Dates from the Well of Time, Chichén Itzá, Yucatán, Mexico. Research Reports on Ancient Maya Writing 58. Barnardsville, NC: Center for Maya Research.

2009b The Ignored Evidence of Diffusion. Atlantic Conference Audio Presentation: www.atlanticconference.org/2009/presentKelley.html.

Co-authored publications

Berlin, Heinrich, and David H. Kelley

1961 819-Day Count and Color-Direction Symbolism among the Classic Maya. In Archaeological Studies in Middle America, pp. 9-20. Middle American Research Institute Publication 26. New Orleans: Tulane University.

Hammond, Norman, David H. Kelley, and Peter Mathews

1975 A Maya 'Pocket Stela'?. In Studies in Ancient America, II, edited by John A. Graham, pp. 17-31. Contributions of the University of California Archaeological Research Facility 27. Berkeley: Archaeological Research Facility, Department of Anthropology, University of California.

Kelley, David H., and Robert C. Anderson

1982 Holy Blood, Holy Grail: Two Reviews. The Genealogist 3(3):249-263.

Kelley, David H., and Duccio Bonavía B.

1963 New Evidence for Pre-Ceramic Maize on the Coast of Peru. Nawpa Pacha 1: 39-41.

Kelley, David H., and K. Ann Kerr

1973 Mayan Astronomy and Astronomical Glyphs. In Mesoamerican Writing Systems: A Conference at Dumbarton Oaks, October 30th and 31st, 1971, edited by Elizabeth P. Benson, pp. 179-215. Washington, D.C.: Dumbarton Oaks.

Kelley, David H., and Eugene F. Milone

2005 Exploring Ancient Skies: An Encyclopedic Survey of Archaeoastronomy. New York: Springer.

2011 Exploring Ancient Skies: An Encyclopedic Survey of Archaeoastronomy. 2nd ed. New York: Springer.

Kelley, David H., Don C. Stone, and David C. Dearborn

2010 Among the Royal Servants: Welby, Browne, Quarles and Related Families. Foundations 3(4):303-324. Chobham, England: Foundation for Medieval Genealogy.

Kelley, David H., and Bryan Wells

1995 Recent Progress in Understanding the Indus Script. Review of Archaeology 16(1):15-23.

Molloy, John, and David H. Kelley

1993 Una secuencia dinástica tolteca. Arqueología, segunda época, 9-10:105-120. Mexico: Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia.

Mommaerts, T.S., and David H. Kelley

1992 The Anicii of Gaul and Rome. In Fifth-Century Gaul: A Crisis of Identity?, edited by John Drinkwater and Hugh Elton, pp. 111-121. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Moran, Hugh Anderson, and David H. Kelley

1969 The Alphabet and the Ancient Calendar Signs. Palo Alto, California: Daily Press.

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